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Anti-Racist Resources

Patient Care Literature

Patient Care Scholarly Articles

Bastos, J. L., Constante, H. M., Celeste, R. K., Haag, D. G., & Jamieson, L. M. (2020). Advancing racial equity in oral health (research): more of the same is not enough. European Journal of Oral Sciences, 128(6), 459–466. https://doi.org/10.1111/eos.12737

Bradby, H., Hamed, S., Thapar-Björkert, S., & Ahlberg, B. M. (2021). Designing an education intervention for understanding racism in healthcare in  Sweden: development and implementation of anti-racist strategies through shared knowledge production and evaluation. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 14034948211040964. https://doi.org/10.1177/14034948211040963

Browne, A. J., Lavoie, J. G., McCallum, M. J. L., & Canoe, C. B. (2022). Addressing anti-Indigenous racism in Canadian health systems: multi-tiered approaches are required. Canadian Journal of Public Health = Revue Canadienne de Sante Publique, 113(2), 222–226. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-021-00598-1

Calhoun, A. J., Martin, A., & Calhoun, J. W. (2022). A Developmental Framework for Progression to Anti-racism in Academic Psychiatry. Academic Psychiatry : The Journal of the American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training and the Association for Academic Psychiatry. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40596-022-01627-y

Cénat, J. M. (2020). How to provide anti-racist mental health care. The Lancet. Psychiatry, 7(11), 929–931. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30309-6

Cerdeña, J. P., Plaisime, M. V, & Tsai, J. (2020). From race-based to race-conscious medicine: how anti-racist uprisings call us to  act. Lancet (London, England), 396(10257), 1125–1128. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32076-6

Chakanyuka, C., Bacsu, J.-D. R., DesRoches, A., Dame, J., Carrier, L., Symenuk, P., O’Connell, M. E., Crowshoe, L., Walker, J., & Bourque Bearskin, L. (2022). Indigenous-specific cultural safety within health and dementia care: A scoping review of reviews. Social Science & Medicine (1982), 293, 114658. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2021.114658

Crear-Perry, J., Maybank, A., Keeys, M., Mitchell, N., & Godbolt, D. (2020). Moving towards anti-racist praxis in medicine. Lancet (London, England), 396(10249), 451–453. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31543-9

D’Costa, I., Hunt, I., Russell, L., & Adams, K. (2022). A racial bias test with tertiary cancer centre employees: why anti-racist measures are required for First Nations Australians cancer care equity. Australian Health Review : A Publication of the Australian Hospital Association. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AH21113

Dickson, T., Wilkinson, T., Hegedus, E. J., & Gisselman, A. S. (2022). Transforming the Patient Experience: Moving Beyond Cultural Competence to Cultural Safety. Physical Therapy. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ptj/pzac034

Egalite, N. (2021). The Epistemic Injustice of Racial Injustice. Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics, 11(3), 259–264. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1353/nib.2021.0081

Eniasivam, A., Pereira, L., & Dzeng, E. (2022). A Call for Restorative and Transformative Justice Approaches to Anti-Racism in Medicine. Journal of General Internal Medicine. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-022-07605-2

Falu, N. (2019). Vivência Negra: Black Lesbians Affective Experiences in Brazilian Gynecology. Medical Anthropology, 38(8), 695–709. https://doi.org/10.1080/01459740.2019.1666845

Fix, R. L., Testa, E. G., Thurston, I. B., Gray, W. N., & Russell, M. T. (2021). Anti-Racism Strategies in Pediatric Psychology: Using STYLE Can Help Children  Overcome Adverse Experiences With Police. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10880-021-09804-1

Foong, L. H. (2022a). Anti-racism in the emergency department: Navigating clinician experiences of racism. Emergency Medicine Australasia : EMA, 34(1), 116–119. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13916

Foong, L. H. (2022b). Anti-racism in the emergency department: Navigating clinician experiences of racism. Emergency Medicine Australasia : EMA, 34(1), 116–119. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13916

Frizell, C. A., Barnett, J. S., Ard, D., Coleman, V. L., Jackson, T. L., Salahshor, S., Collett, D., & Sturges, D. (2021). Fewer Words, More Action: Cultivating an Anti-Racist Environment  Strategies/Solutions (CARES) Framework for Physician Assistant Education. The Journal of Physician Assistant Education : The Official Journal of the Physician  Assistant Education Association, 32(4), 272–276. https://doi.org/10.1097/JPA.0000000000000394

Gonzales, E., Gordon, S., Whetung, C., Connaught, G., Collazo, J., & Hinton, J. (2021). Acknowledging Systemic Discrimination in the Context of a Pandemic: Advancing an  Anti-Racist and Anti-Ageist Movement. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 64(3), 223–237. https://doi.org/10.1080/01634372.2020.1870604

Goode, K. L., & Bernardin, A. (2021). Birthing #blackboyjoy: Black Midwives Caring for Black Mothers of Black Boys During  Pregnancy and Childbirth. Maternal and Child Health Journal. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-021-03224-1

Govindasamy, L. S., & Carlin, E. (2022a). Anti-racism in the emergency department: Past time to tackle racism in our health systems. Emergency Medicine Australasia : EMA, 34(1), 108–111. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13918

Govindasamy, L. S., & Carlin, E. (2022b). Anti-racism in the emergency department: Past time to tackle racism in our health systems. Emergency Medicine Australasia : EMA, 34(1), 108–111. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13918

Green, C. L., Perez, S. L., Walker, A., Estriplet, T., Ogunwole, S. M., Auguste, T. C., & Crear-Perry, J. A. (2021). The Cycle to Respectful Care: A Qualitative Approach to the Creation of an  Actionable Framework to Address Maternal Outcome Disparities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094933

Hahn, R. A. (2021). What is a social determinant of health? Back to basics. Journal of Public Health Research, 10(4). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2021.2324

Hassen, N. (2021). Leveraging built environment interventions to equitably promote health during and  after COVID-19 in Toronto, Canada. Health Promotion International. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daab128

Houtrow, A. (2020). Becoming anti-racist for the benefit of our patients. In Journal of pediatric rehabilitation medicine (Vol. 13, Issue 1, pp. 1–2). https://doi.org/10.3233/PRM-200680

Hsu, S. (2019). Fanon and the New Paraphilias: Towards a Trans of Color Critique of the DSM-V. The Journal of Medical Humanities, 40(1), 53–68. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10912-018-9531-3

Johnson-Agbakwu, C. E., Ali, N. S., Oxford, C. M., Wingo, S., Manin, E., & Coonrod, D. V. (2022). Racism, COVID-19, and Health Inequity in the USA: a Call to Action. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 9(1), 52–58. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40615-020-00928-y

Kelly, L. P., & Chakanyuka, C. (2021). Truth before reconciliation, antiracism before cultural safety. Contemporary Nurse, 57(5), 379–386. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10376178.2021.1991415

Khanlou, N., Vazquez, L. M., Pashang, S., Connolly, J. A., Ahmad, F., & Ssawe, A. (2021). 2020 Syndemic: Convergence of COVID-19, Gender-Based Violence, and Racism Pandemics. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40615-021-01146-w

Kuehnert, P., Fawcett, J., DePriest, K., Chinn, P., Cousin, L., Ervin, N., Flanagan, J., Fry-Bowers, E., Killion, C., Maliski, S., Maughan, E. D., Meade, C., Murray, T., Schenk, B., & Waite, R. (2022a). Defining the social determinants of health for nursing action to achieve health equity: A consensus paper from the American Academy of Nursing. Nursing Outlook, 70(1), 10–27. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2021.08.003

Kuehnert, P., Fawcett, J., DePriest, K., Chinn, P., Cousin, L., Ervin, N., Flanagan, J., Fry-Bowers, E., Killion, C., Maliski, S., Maughan, E. D., Meade, C., Murray, T., Schenk, B., & Waite, R. (2022b). Defining the social determinants of health for nursing action to achieve health equity: A consensus paper from the American Academy of Nursing. Nursing Outlook, 70(1), 10–27. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2021.08.003

Laake, J. H., Astvad, M., Bentsen, G., Escher, C., Haney, M., Hoffmann-Petersen, J., Hyllested, M., Junttila, E., Moller, M. H., Nellgard, P., Nyberg, A., Olkkola, K., Pedersen, S. K. A., Pischke, S. E., Reinikainen, M., Strand, K., Thorarensen, G., Thormar, K., & Tonnessen, T. I. (2022). A policy for diversity, equity, inclusion and anti-racism in the Scandinavian Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (SSAI). Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, 66(1), 141–144. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aas.13978

Lee, A., & Landau, R. (2021). Racial and ethnic disparities uncovered in the 2020 MBRRACE-UK report - Global  implications and future agenda. In Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine (Vol. 40, Issue 2, p. 100853). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.accpm.2021.100853

Lee Bishop, K., Abbruzzese, L. P., Adeniran, R., Dunleavy, K., Maxwell, B., Oluwole-Sangoseni, O., Simon, P., Smith, S. S., & Thurston, L. (2022). Becoming an anti-racist interprofessional healthcare organization: Our journey. Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice, 100509. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.xjep.2022.100509

Legha, R. K., & Miranda, J. (2020). An Anti-Racist Approach to Achieving Mental Health Equity in Clinical Care. The Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 43(3), 451–469. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psc.2020.05.002

Lunstrum, E., Ahuja, N., Braun, B., Collard, R., Lopez, P. J., & Wong, R. W. Y. (2021). More-Than-Human and Deeply Human Perspectives on COVID-19. Antipode. https://doi.org/10.1111/anti.12730

MacDuffie, K. E., Patneaude, A., Bell, S., Adiele, A., Makhija, N., Wilfond, B., & Opel, D. (2022a). Addressing racism in the healthcare encounter: The role of clinical ethics consultants. Bioethics, 36(3), 313–317. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bioe.13008

MacDuffie, K. E., Patneaude, A., Bell, S., Adiele, A., Makhija, N., Wilfond, B., & Opel, D. (2022b). Addressing racism in the healthcare encounter: The role of clinical ethics consultants. Bioethics. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bioe.13008

Machado, S., & Goldenberg, S. (2021). Sharpening our public health lens: advancing im/migrant health equity during  COVID-19 and beyond. In International journal for equity in health (Vol. 20, Issue 1, p. 57). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-021-01399-1

Mahabir, D. F., O’Campo, P., Lofters, A., Shankardass, K., Salmon, C., & Muntaner, C. (2021). Experiences of everyday racism in Toronto’s health care system: a concept mapping  study. International Journal for Equity in Health, 20(1), 74. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-021-01410-9

Markey, K., & Zhang, Y. (2020). Demystifying, recognising and combating racism during the pandemic. British Journal of Nursing (Mark Allen Publishing), 29(21), 1266–1270. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2020.29.21.1266

Mixon, A. (2020). “Not in my name”: the anti-racist praxis of Mab Segrest & Minnie Bruce Pratt. Journal of Lesbian Studies, 24(3), 199–213. https://doi.org/10.1080/10894160.2019.1678964

Nason, E. (2020). Sustainable Health Systems: Who Will Answer the Call to Action, and How? HealthcarePapers, 19(3), 57–60. https://doi.org/10.12927/hcpap.2020.26371

Newcomb, A. B., Rothberg, S., Zewdie, M., Duval, M., Liu, C., Mohess, D., Kapadia, M. R., Kou, M., Switzer, B. E., Port, C. M., & Dort, J. (2021). Managing Patient Bias: Teaching Residents to Navigate Racism and Bias in the  Workplace. Journal of Surgical Education. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2021.06.007

Okaka, Y., AbdelHameid, D., Olson, R. M., Kwarteng-Siaw, M., Spanos, N., & Stone, V. E. (2021). Rallying Against Racism: Hospitals Join the Fight for Racial Justice. In Journal of general internal medicine (Vol. 36, Issue 1, pp. 200–202). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-020-06291-2

Orr, C. J., Montez, K. G., Omoruyi, E. A., Loyal, J., Konrath, J., Olsson, J. M., Long, M., Krugman, S., Selbst, S., Bostwick, S., Chung, P. J., & McNeal-Trice, K. (2022). Implementing What We Preach: Anti-Racist Recommendations from the Academic Pediatric Association Leadership Development Nomination Committee Task Force. Academic Pediatrics. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acap.2022.01.004

Osei, A., Paz, C. G., Stuparich, M., Racataian-Gavan, R., Nelms, L., Suliman, Y., Smith, A., & Bajwa, M. (2022). Screening for Toxic Stress Response and Buffering Factors: A Case-Based, Trauma-Informed Approach to Health Equity. MedEdPORTAL : The Journal of Teaching and Learning Resources, 18, 11224. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.11224

Owens, K., & Walker, A. (2020). Those designing healthcare algorithms must become actively anti-racist. Nature Medicine, 26(9), 1327–1328. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-1020-3

Paine, L., de la Rocha, P., Eyssallenne, A. P., Andrews, C. A., Loo, L., Jones, C. P., Collins, A. M., & Morse, M. (2021). Declaring Racism a Public Health Crisis in the United States: Cure, Poison, or Both? Frontiers in Public Health, 9, 676784. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.676784

Pigeolet, M., Al-Wahdani, B., El Omrani, O., Enabulele, O., Walumbe, R., Senkubuge, F., Alayande, B., Maki, L., Meara, J. G., & Park, K. B. (2022). The future of global health is inclusive and anti-racist. Tropical Doctor, 52(1), 3–5. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/00494755211061899

Piper, K. N., Elder, A., Renfro, T., Iwan, A., Ramirez, M., & Woods-Jaeger, B. (2021). The Importance of Anti-Racism in Trauma-Informed Family Engagement. Administration and Policy in Mental Health. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10488-021-01147-1

Piper, K. N., Elder, A., Renfro, T., Iwan, A., Ramirez, M., & Woods-Jaeger, B. (2022). The Importance of Anti-Racism in Trauma-Informed Family Engagement. Administration and Policy in Mental Health, 49(1), 125–138. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10488-021-01147-1

Purtell, R., Tam, R. P., Avondet, E., & Gradick, K. (2021). We are part of the problem: the role of children’s hospitals in addressing health inequity. Hospital Practice (1995), 49(sup1), 445–455. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2022.2032072

Ramirez, L. S. (2021). Discrimination as A Barrier to Romani Women’s Health and Empowerment: A Qualitative  Study. Social Work in Public Health, 36(5), 588–605. https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2021.1935386

Ricks, T. N., Abbyad, C., & Polinard, E. (2021). Undoing Racism and Mitigating Bias Among Healthcare Professionals: Lessons Learned  During a Systematic Review. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40615-021-01137-x

Salami, B., Denga, B., Taylor, R., Ajayi, N., Jackson, M., Asefaw, M., & Salma, J. (2021). Access to mental health for Black youths in Alberta. Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada : Research, Policy and  Practice, 41(9), 245–253. https://doi.org/10.24095/hpcdp.41.9.01

Salo, S. K., Marceaux, J. C., McCoy, K. J. M., & Hilsabeck, R. C. (2022). Removing the noose item from the Boston naming test: A step toward antiracist neuropsychological assessment. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 36(2), 311–326. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2021.1933187

Sanders, J. J., Gray, T. F., Sihlongonyane, B., Durieux, B. N., & Graham, L. (2021). A Framework for Anti-Racist Publication in Palliative Care: Structures, Processes,  and Outcomes. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2021.10.001

Schell, C. J., Dyson, K., Fuentes, T. L., Des Roches, S., Harris, N. C., Miller, D. S., Woelfle-Erskine, C. A., & Lambert, M. R. (2020). The ecological and evolutionary consequences of systemic racism in urban  environments. Science (New York, N.Y.), 369(6510). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aay4497

Scott, K. A., Chambers, B. D., Baer, R. J., Ryckman, K. K., McLemore, M. R., & Jelliffe-Pawlowski, L. L. (2020). Preterm birth and nativity among Black women with gestational diabetes in  California, 2013-2017: a population-based retrospective cohort study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 20(1), 593. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-03290-3

Sharif, M. Z., Garcia, J. J., Mitchell, U., Dellor, E. D., Bradford, N. J., & Truong, M. (2021). Racism and Structural Violence: Interconnected Threats to Health Equity. Frontiers in Public Health, 9, 676783. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.676783

Sholas, M. G. (2020). The actual and potential impact of the novel 2019 coronavirus on pediatric  rehabilitation: A commentary and review of its effects and potential disparate influence on Black, Latinx and Native American marginalized populations in the United States. Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine, 13(3), 339–344. https://doi.org/10.3233/PRM-200722

Sperlich, M., & Gabriel, C. (2022). “I got to catch my own baby”: a qualitative study of out of hospital birth. Reproductive Health, 19(1), 43. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-022-01355-4

Sterman, J., & Njelesani, J. (2021). Becoming Anti-Racist Occupational Therapy Practitioners: A Scoping Study. OTJR : Occupation, Participation and Health, 41(4), 232–242. https://doi.org/10.1177/15394492211019931

Sturges, D., Patterson, D. G., Bennett, I. M., & Cawse-Lucas, J. (2022). Can Family Medicine’s Counterculture History Help Shape an Anti-Racist Future?. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine : JABFM, 35(1), 169–172. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.3122/jabfm.2022.01.210295

Sveen, W. N., Dewan, M., & Dexheimer, J. W. (2022). The risk of coding racism into pediatric sepsis care: the necessity of anti-racism in machine learning. The Journal of Pediatrics. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2022.04.024

Watson, M. F., Turner, W. L., & Hines, P. M. (2020). Black Lives Matter: We are in the Same Storm but we are not in the Same Boat. Family Process, 59(4), 1362–1373. https://doi.org/10.1111/famp.12613

Weine, S., Kohrt, B. A., Collins, P. Y., Cooper, J., Lewis-Fernandez, R., Okpaku, S., & Wainberg, M. L. (2020). Justice for George Floyd and a reckoning for global mental health. Global Mental Health (Cambridge, England), 7, e22. https://doi.org/10.1017/gmh.2020.17

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