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Anti-Racist Resources

Medical and Nursing Education Literature

Education Scholarly Articles

Acholonu, R. G., Cook, T. E., Roswell, R. O., & Greene, R. E. (2020). Interrupting Microaggressions in Health Care Settings: A Guide for Teaching Medical  Students. MedEdPORTAL : The Journal of Teaching and Learning Resources, 16, 10969. https://doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10969

Acosta, D. A., & Skorton, D. J. (2021). Making “Good Trouble”: Time for Organized Medicine to Call for Racial Justice in  Medical Education and Health Care. The American Journal of Medicine, 134(10), 1203–1209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2021.04.034

Afolabi, T., Borowsky, H. M., Cordero, D. M., Paul, D. W. J., Said, J. T., Sandoval, R. S., Davis, D., Ölveczky, D., & Chatterjee, A. (2021). Student-Led Efforts to Advance Anti-Racist Medical Education. Academic Medicine : Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 96(6), 802–807. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000004043

Anderson, N., Boatright, D., & Reisman, A. (2020). Blackface in White Space: Using Admissions to Address Racism in Medical Education. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 35(10), 3060–3062. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-020-06079-4

Asfaw, Z. K., & Barthelemy, E. J. (2022). Anti-racist Medical Education in the Transformation of Global Health. Tropical Doctor, 494755221077807. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/00494755221077807

Bell, B. (2021). White dominance in nursing education: A target for anti-racist efforts. Nursing Inquiry, 28(1), e12379. https://doi.org/10.1111/nin.12379

Bracken, P., Fernando, S., Alsaraf, S., Creed, M., Double, D., Gilberthorpe, T., Hassan, R., Jadhav, S., Jeyapaul, P., Kopua, D., Parsons, M., Rodger, J., Summerfield, D., Thomas, P., & Timimi, S. (2021). Decolonising the medical curriculum: psychiatry faces particular challenges. Anthropology & Medicine, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1080/13648470.2021.1949892

Bradford, P. S., Akyeampong, D., Fleming, M. A., Dacus, A. R., Chhabra, A. B., & DeGeorge, B. R. (2021). Racial and Gender Discrimination in Hand Surgery Letters of Recommendation. Journal of Hand Surgery, 46(11), 998-1005.e2. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JHSA.2021.07.009

Bradford, P. S., Dacus, A. R., Chhabra, A. B., Butler, P. D., & DeGeorge, B. R. (2021). How to Be An Antiracist Hand Surgery Educator. Journal of Hand Surgery, 46(6), 507–511. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JHSA.2021.01.017

Byrd, J. N., Huynh, K. A., Aqeel, Z., & Chung, K. C. (2022). General surgery residency and action toward surgical equity: A scoping review of program websites. American Journal of Surgery. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2022.02.006

Chakanyuka, C., Bacsu, J.-D. R., DesRoches, A., Dame, J., Carrier, L., Symenuk, P., O’Connell, M. E., Crowshoe, L., Walker, J., & Bourque Bearskin, L. (2022). Indigenous-specific cultural safety within health and dementia care: A scoping review of reviews. Social Science & Medicine (1982), 293, 114658. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2021.114658

Chao, G. F., Zakrison, T. L., Oyetunji, S., Gaston-Hawkins, L., Sosa, J. A., Joseph, B., & Lindeman, B. (2022). Underrepresented in medicine: Making surgical training anti-racist. American Journal of Surgery. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2022.02.056

Cohen, A., Montez, K., Orr, C., Konrath, J., Oddiri, U., Russell, C. J., Gambill, L., Nesiama, J.-A., Chung, P. J., & McNeal-Trice, K. (2022). Changing Who Has a Seat and Voice at the Table: How the Academic Pediatric Association is Responding to Systemic Racism. Academic Pediatrics. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acap.2022.01.002

Coleman, T. (2020). Anti-Racism in Nursing Education: Recommendations for Racial Justice Praxis. The Journal of Nursing Education, 59(11), 642–645. https://doi.org/10.3928/01484834-20201020-08

Emery, E. H., Shaffer, J. D., McCormick, D., Zeidman, J., Geffen, S. R., Stojicic, P., Ganz, M., & Basu, G. (2022a). Preparing Doctors in Training for Health Activist Roles: A Cross-Institutional Community Organizing Workshop for Incoming Medical Residents. MedEdPORTAL : The Journal of Teaching and Learning Resources, 18, 11208. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.11208

Emery, E. H., Shaffer, J. D., McCormick, D., Zeidman, J., Geffen, S. R., Stojicic, P., Ganz, M., & Basu, G. (2022b). Preparing Doctors in Training for Health Activist Roles: A Cross-Institutional Community Organizing Workshop for Incoming Medical Residents. MedEdPORTAL : The Journal of Teaching and Learning Resources, 18, 11208. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.11208

Fleming, M. A., Scott, E. J., Bradford, P. S., Lattimore, C. M., Omesiete, W. I., Williams, C. A., Williams, M. D., & Martin, A. N. (2021). The Risk and Reward of Speaking Out for Racial Equity in Surgical Training. Journal of Surgical Education, 78(5), 1387–1392. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JSURG.2021.01.015

Foong, L. H. (2022). Anti-racism in the emergency department: Navigating clinician experiences of racism. Emergency Medicine Australasia : EMA, 34(1), 116–119. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13916

Garvey, A., Lynch, G., Mansour, M., Coyle, A., Gard, S., & Truglio, J. (2022). From Race to Racism: Teaching a Tool to Critically Appraise the Use of Race in Medical Research. MedEdPORTAL : The Journal of Teaching and Learning Resources, 18, 11210. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.11210

Godley, B. A., Dayal, D., Manekin, E., & Estroff, S. E. (2020). Toward an Anti-Racist Curriculum: Incorporating Art into Medical Education to  Improve Empathy and Structural Competency. Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development, 7, 2382120520965246. https://doi.org/10.1177/2382120520965246

Govindasamy, L. S., & Carlin, E. (2022). Anti-racism in the emergency department: Past time to tackle racism in our health systems. Emergency Medicine Australasia : EMA, 34(1), 108–111. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13918

Haeny, A. M., Holmes, S. C., & Williams, M. T. (2021). Applying Anti-racism to Clinical Care and Research. JAMA Psychiatry, 78(11), 1187–1188. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2021.2329

Huddle, T. S. (2022). Against the Turn to Critical Race Theory and “Anti-racism” in Academic Medicine. HEC Forum : An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals’ Ethical and Legal Issues. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10730-022-09471-1

Iheduru-Anderson, K., Okoro, F. O., & Moore, S. S. (2022). Diversity and Inclusion or Tokens? A Qualitative Study of Black Women Academic Nurse Leaders in the United States. Global Qualitative Nursing Research, 9, 23333936211073116. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/23333936211073116

Jankowski, G. S. (2021). Students’ understanding and support for anti-racism in universities. The British Journal of Social Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12482

Karasik, R. J., & Kishimoto, K. (2020). Applying anti-racist pedagogy to teaching about work and retirement in the U.S. Gerontology & Geriatrics Education, 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701960.2020.1856831

Kristoffersson, E., & Hamberg, K. (2022). “I have to do twice as well” - managing everyday racism in a Swedish medical school. BMC Medical Education, 22(1), 235. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-022-03262-5

Kuehnert, P., Fawcett, J., DePriest, K., Chinn, P., Cousin, L., Ervin, N., Flanagan, J., Fry-Bowers, E., Killion, C., Maliski, S., Maughan, E. D., Meade, C., Murray, T., Schenk, B., & Waite, R. (2022). Defining the social determinants of health for nursing action to achieve health equity: A consensus paper from the American Academy of Nursing. Nursing Outlook, 70(1), 10–27. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2021.08.003

Laake, J. H., Astvad, M., Bentsen, G., Escher, C., Haney, M., Hoffmann-Petersen, J., Hyllested, M., Junttila, E., Moller, M. H., Nellgard, P., Nyberg, A., Olkkola, K., Pedersen, S. K. A., Pischke, S. E., Reinikainen, M., Strand, K., Thorarensen, G., Thormar, K., & Tonnessen, T. I. (2022). A policy for diversity, equity, inclusion and anti-racism in the Scandinavian Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (SSAI). Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, 66(1), 141–144. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aas.13978

Lei, L., & Guo, S. (2022). Beyond multiculturalism: revisioning a model of pandemic anti-racism education in post-Covid-19 Canada. International Journal of Anthropology and Ethnology, 6(1), 1. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41257-021-00060-7

MacDuffie, K. E., Patneaude, A., Bell, S., Adiele, A., Makhija, N., Wilfond, B., & Opel, D. (2022). Addressing racism in the healthcare encounter: The role of clinical ethics consultants. Bioethics. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bioe.13008

Marshall, C., Bakal, M., Deardorff, J., Pies, C., & Lu, M. C. (2022). Developing an Anti-Racist Foundations Course in MCH for MPH Students. Maternal and Child Health Journal. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-021-03285-2

Martinez, S., Araj, J., Reid, S., Rodriguez, J., Nguyen, M., Pinto, D. B., Young, P. Y., Ivey, A., Webber, A., & Mason, H. (2021). Allyship in Residency: An Introductory Module on Medical Allyship for Graduate Medical Trainees. MedEdPORTAL : The Journal of Teaching and Learning Resources, 17, 11200. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.11200

Obuobi, S., Vela, M. B., & Callender, B. (2021). Comics as anti-racist education and advocacy. Lancet (London, England), 397(10285), 1615–1617. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(21)00940-5

Orr, C. J., Montez, K. G., Omoruyi, E. A., Loyal, J., Konrath, J., Olsson, J. M., Long, M., Krugman, S., Selbst, S., Bostwick, S., Chung, P. J., & McNeal-Trice, K. (2022). Implementing What We Preach: Anti-Racist Recommendations from the Academic Pediatric Association Leadership Development Nomination Committee Task Force. Academic Pediatrics. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acap.2022.01.004

Pattani, R., Burns, K. E. A., Lorens, E., Straus, S. E., & Hawker, G. A. (2022). Effect of race, gender identity, and their intersection on career satisfaction: A cross-sectional survey of academic physicians. Medical Teacher, 1–8. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2021.2014799

Piper, K. N., Elder, A., Renfro, T., Iwan, A., Ramirez, M., & Woods-Jaeger, B. (2022). The Importance of Anti-Racism in Trauma-Informed Family Engagement. Administration and Policy in Mental Health, 49(1), 125–138. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10488-021-01147-1

Purtell, R., Tam, R. P., Avondet, E., & Gradick, K. (2022). We are part of the problem: the role of children’s hospitals in addressing health inequity. Hospital Practice (1995). https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2022.2032072

Rainer, T., Zheng, D. J., Winn, A. S., Michelson, C. D., Sectish, T. C., & Cheston, C. C. (2022). Becoming an Anti-Racist Training Program: a single residency’s year of growth. The Journal of Pediatrics. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2022.03.028

Rosario, C., Al Amin, S., & Parker, C. (2022). [Un]Forgetting History: Preparing Public Health Professionals to Address Structural Racism. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice : JPHMP, 28(Suppl 1), S74–S81. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PHH.0000000000001432

Salo, S. K., Marceaux, J. C., McCoy, K. J. M., & Hilsabeck, R. C. (2022). Removing the noose item from the Boston naming test: A step toward antiracist neuropsychological assessment. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 36(2), 311–326. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2021.1933187

Sanders, J. J., Gray, T. F., Sihlongonyane, B., Durieux, B. N., & Graham, L. (2022). A Framework for Anti-Racist Publication in Palliative Care: Structures, Processes, and Outcomes. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 63(3), e337–e343. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2021.10.001

Shankar, M., Henderson, K., Garcia, R., Li, G., Titer, K., Acholonu, R. G., Essien, U. R., Brown-Johnson, C., Cox, J., Shaw, J. G., Haverfield, M. C., Taylor, K., Israni, S. T., & Zulman, D. (2022). Presence 5 for Racial Justice Workshop: Fostering Dialogue Across Medical Education to Disrupt Anti-Black Racism in Clinical Encounters. MedEdPORTAL : The Journal of Teaching and Learning Resources, 18, 11227. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.11227

Simpson, T., Evans, J., Goepfert, A., & Elopre, L. (2022). Implementing a graduate medical education anti-racism workshop at an academic university in the Southern USA. Medical Education Online, 27(1), 1981803. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10872981.2021.1981803

Sotto-Santiago, S., Sharp, S., Mac, J., Messmore, N., Haywood, A., Tyson, M., & Yi, V. (2021). Reclaiming the mission of academic medicine: An examination of institutional responses to (anti)racism. AEM Education and Training, 5(Suppl 1), S33–S43. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aet2.10668

Sturges, D., Patterson, D. G., Bennett, I. M., & Cawse-Lucas, J. (2022). Can Family Medicine’s Counterculture History Help Shape an Anti-Racist Future?. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine : JABFM, 35(1), 169–172. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.3122/jabfm.2022.01.210295

Sukhera, J., & Palaniyappan, L. (2022). Walking the walk: Advice for anti-racist academic leaders. Psychiatry Research, 308, 114343. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2021.114343

Van Bewer, V., Woodgate, R. L., Martin, D., & Deer, F. (2021). An Indigenous and arts-influenced framework for anti-racist practice in nursing  education. Journal of Professional Nursing : Official Journal of the American Association of  Colleges of Nursing, 37(1), 65–72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2020.11.002

Vass, A., & Adams, K. (2021). Educator perceptions on teaching Indigenous health: Racism, privilege and  self-reflexivity. Medical Education, 55(2), 213–221. https://doi.org/10.1111/medu.14344

Vega Perez, R. D., Hayden, L., Mesa, J., Bickell, N., Abner, P., Richardson, L. D., & Ngai, K. M. (2022). Improving Patient Race and Ethnicity Data Capture to Address Health Disparities: A Case Study From a Large Urban Health System. Cureus, 14(1), e20973. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.20973

Walker, V. P., Hodges, L., Perkins, M., Sim, M., & Harris, C. (2022a). Taking the VITALS to Interrupt Microaggressions. MedEdPORTAL : The Journal of Teaching and Learning Resources, 18, 11202. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.11202

Walker, V. P., Hodges, L., Perkins, M., Sim, M., & Harris, C. (2022b). Taking the VITALS to Interrupt Microaggressions. MedEdPORTAL : The Journal of Teaching and Learning Resources, 18, 11202. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.11202

White, G. E., Proulx, C. N., Morone, N. E., Murrell, A. J., & Rubio, D. M. (2021). Recruiting underrepresented individuals in a double pandemic: Lessons learned in a randomized control trial. Journal of Clinical and Translational Science, 5(1), e185. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/cts.2021.843

Zaidi, Z., Partman, I. M., Whitehead, C. R., Kuper, A., & Wyatt, T. R. (2021). Contending with Our Racial Past in Medical Education: A Foucauldian Perspective. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 33(4), 453–462. https://doi.org/10.1080/10401334.2021.1945929

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