"Health disparities" refer to the negative differences in health status and outcomes among different population groups; e.g., race/ethnicity, economic status, education level, and sex. This guide was created in order to provide information about the histo


Health Disparities

Health Disparities

Broad Overview

*Please note that this guide will be continuously updated.

Health Disparities, Medline Plus- https://medlineplus.gov/healthdisparities.html



Health Disparities Widget from the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion - This widget allows the user to "share selected health disparities information from DATA2020 with visitors to your organization’s website."

National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports (searchable) from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. "Data Query is an interactive tool that allows you to access national and State data from the National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. You can search for data or trends based on particular subject areas, topics, or measures."


Data and Data Sets

Compendium of Federal Datasets Addressing Health Disparities from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health- Division of Policy and Data - "a free resource of publicly available data relevant to research and programs aiming to reduce health disparities by exploring the relationship between socioeconomic factors and the social determinants of health" (September 2019). The Compendium includes the following sources:

Veterans AdministrationOffice of Health Equity-  National Veteran Health Equity Report - FY 2013 (2013 is the last time that this report was produced)

NIH National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities includes reports, data sets, tools and articles on minority health and health disparities from federal and non-federal sources.

University of Michigan's Resource Center for Minority Data compiles data sets on minority communities dating back to the early 1990s.

HHS' Office of Minority Health presents the Healthy People 2020 Health Disparities Data Widget. Search by disparity (disability, education, income, location, race and ethnicity, and biological sex assigned at birth).


The Health Disparities Podcast- "This podcast highlights disparities evidenced in common chronic conditions featured in the “vicious cycle” (e.g. diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic pain, mental health) and musculoskeletal/arthritis conditions, with emphasis on disparities and how social determinants of health impact these conditions and their management." 

Disparities Research, Disparities Researchers, and Health Equity- an episode of the podcast, "Conversations with Dr. Baucher" (JAMA Network), "Engaging and topical conversations with authors of research, clinical reviews, and opinion pieces published in JAMA. Subscribe for the latest information, ideas, and innovations in clinical medicine and health policy."




California Newsreel with Vital Pictures. United States. National Minority Consortia of Public Television. Unnatural Causes... is inequality making us sick? A seven-part documentary series exploring racial and socioeconomic inequalities in health.


Khan Academy. United States. Health and Healthcare Disparities in the U.S. KhanAcademy.org. United States.( https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat/social-inequality/social-class/v/health-and-healthcare-disparities-in-the-us


NACCHO. United States. Achieving Health Equity - A Public Health Approach.


NACCHO. United States. Building Power for Health Equity.

National Academy of Medicine. Defining and Unpacking Social Determinants of Health and Health Equity. 2018.

NACCHO. United States. Slow Violence, Health Inequity and the Future Well Being of Communities.


National Academy of Sciences. United States. Community Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States.

Vital Pictures. American Denial. PBS/ITVS. United States. (http://www.americandenial.com/)



Braveman P. What are health disparities and health equity? We need to be clear. Public Health Rep. 2014;129 Suppl 2(Suppl 2):5‐8. doi:10.1177/00333549141291S203. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3863701/


Braveman PA, Kumanyika S, Fielding J, et al. Health disparities and health equity: the issue is justice. Am J Public Health. 2011;101 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):S149‐S155. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2010.300062. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21551385/


Hailu, R. Fitbits and other wearables may not accurately track heart rates in people of color. StatNews. 2019, July 24. https://www.statnews.com/2019/07/24/fitbit-accuracy-dark-skin/


Presser, L.The Black American Amputation Epidemic. ProPublica. 2020, May 19. https://features.propublica.org/diabetes-amputations/black-american-amputation-epidemic/




Working Towards Health Equity

Robbins, R. 23andMe says it’s ‘part of the problem’ on racial inequity. We asked geneticists what the company can do about it. StatNews. 2020, June 10. https://www.statnews.com/2020/06/10/23andme-ancestry-racial-inequity-genetics/


Torres, Nicole. Research: Having a Black Doctor Led Black Men to Receive More-Effective Care. Harvard Business Review. 2018, August 10. https://hbr.org/2018/08/research-having-a-black-doctor-led-black-men-to-receive-more-effective-care

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