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Advanced Physical Diagnosis Online Companion


"Laennec's Le Cylindre"

Nothing quite conjures the image of doctor like a white coat brimming with reflex hammers, pen lights, and other paraphernalia, while a stethoscope is draped casually about the neck.  Since Laennec first put a piece of paper rolled into a cone to his ear to aid in the auscultation of his patient's heart sounds, various medical instruments have become an essential part of the physical exam.  

This section provides articles primarily on the acoustic qualities and parameters of the ideal stethoscope.  The interested learner will also find videos detailing the proper use of the instruments of physical diagnosis from the ophthalmoscope to the reflex hammer.

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