Biomedical Science

Biomedical Sciences Graduate Students


Key Resources and Tools

Selected Resources to Find Books, Articles, and Protocols

Find Print and Online Books

Find Article Citations and Preprints

Search full-text articles by collection

  • PubMed Central (PMC) (collection of publications resulting from NIH funding)
  • Europe PMC (worldwide collection of life science publications and preprints and repository for many international funders)

Search full-text articles by publisher

Find Protocols and Other Resources

Off-Grounds Access

Citation Management

Citation Management

Research Data and Computing

Free Expert Consultations

  • Research @ HSL - Expert assistance with biomedical literature search and data discovery, organizing and managing your research project and bibliography, creating presentations and posters, and disseminating and sharing your research.
  • Data @ HSL - Data consultation services and biomedical data and statistics training opportunities. Get expert consultations by appointment on statistical software such as R, python, Stata, SAS, and SPSS
  • PHS @ the Library - Free consultation service to address introductory statistics and research methods questions.
  • UVA Research Computing - help with cutting-edge computational resources and issues around optimization, parallelization, workflow, etc.

Software at UVA

Online Learning

Presenting and Publishing

Writing and Teaching Resources

Theses & Dissertations

 Posters and Presentations

  •   Our guide to creating a poster in PowerPoint, including links to UVa logos

Types of Literature

How can you distinguish Primary, Secondary and Tertiary information?

Primary Scientific Literature

Original information/materials on which research is based on and it is usually published in a peer-review journal.  It includes original research, dissertations, technical reports, conference papers, and patents. It may also include data sets, pre-prints or preliminary reports. 


How to locate primary literature?

  1. Begin your search in a subject-specific database such as PubMed, or choose one from the A-Z Databases.
  2. Perform your search on a topic.
  3. Once you have a set of search results, look for articles where the author has conducted original research. A primary research article will include:  a ) an introduction with a statement of the research objective, b) a methods section that details exactly how the research was performed, with enough information that another researcher could replicate it, a c) results section that describes the data collected, including charts or graphs and statistical analysis, and a d) discussion section that interprets the results within the context of the research objective

Secondary Literature

Secondary sources of information are based on primary sources. They describe, interpret, analyze and evaluate primary sources of information.

Examples of secondary sources include: 

  • review articles or analysis of research studies about the same topic (also often in peer-reviewed publications), systematic reviews.
  • biographies, reviews, or critiques of an author

How to locate Secondary Literature?

  1. From the Library's homepage, begin your search in Virgo or select a subject-specific database from the A-Z Databases. Example databases could be PubMed, Web of Science, etc. 
  2. Use the filters (PubMed) or Refine (Web of Science) to publication types such as Reviews, or Systematic reviews or Meta-analysis. 

Tertiary Literature

Tertiary literature synthesizes information from primary and secondary literature. Tertiary literature can include books, textbooks, encyclopedias, and dictionaries.

How to locate Tertiary Literature?

  1. From the Library's homepage, begin your search in Virgo
  2. Limit by Resource Type Books. 

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